Ecodesign or environmentally friendly design is the consideration of environmental aspects in product design. The aim is to improve the environmental compatibility of a product throughout its entire life cycle. Decisions made in the design phase have a significant impact on what happens during use and at the end of a product’s life. Both the energy consumption and the service life, maintenance, repair, reuse, retrofitting, recyclability, and the treatment of waste are decisively influenced by decisions made in the design phase.
Useful guidelines for ecodesign
The following approaches help to effectively reduce the negative impact on the environment caused by products throughout their life cycle. However, here are just a few of the most important points.
- Use of renewable raw materials, taking into account their availability and regeneration rate as well as environmental impact.
- Strengthening the reuse and improvement of the environmentally friendly recovery through, for example, more recycling-friendly construction and reduction of material losses.
- Reduction of energy and raw material requirements along the entire life cycle of products.
- Increase in usability and durability of products.
- Optimization of repair friendliness.
- Reduction or substitution of substances that are harmful to the environment and health.
- Minimizing the emissions caused by products during their life cycle.
Most countries have issued guidelines to protect the environment and the climate. Compliance with these guidelines is binding for manufacturers. Consumer information is often provided in the form of a label that is visible on the product.
To find out how products perform in your country, it is best to find out about the certificates and guidelines that apply there. Most countries have different labels here. Find out what the labels mean before you buy a product. Once you know this, you can use it to shop more consciously and sustainably.